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Willingness to distribute free rapid home HIV test kits and to test with social or sexual network associates among men who have sex with men in the United States


Author
Sharma et al.

Publication year
2017


Type of approach
Community-based

Type of assistance
Unassisted

Specimen
Fingerstick/whole blood, Oral-fluid

Study population
Key population: Men who have sex with men

Study design
Feasibility/acceptability

Sample size
828

UNAIDS HIV prevalence (2017)
0.2 [0.2 - 0.2]

Methodology
Participants were recruited online to receive a package containing two different self-tests and a dried blood spot specimen collection kit. They were asked to report their results online, to return the dried blood spot for laboratory testing, and to complete a survey to identify the factors associated with the likelihood of potentially distributing free test kits and testing with a social or sexual network associate. Study period: May to October 2014.

Summary of findings
A greater proportion indicated being likely to distribute free oral fluid tests compared to blood-based tests (91% versus 79%), and almost three-fourths (72%) reported being likely to test with their friends or sex partners in the future. Men who have sex with men (MSM) not identifying as homosexual/gay were less willing to distribute oral fluid-based tests, and those with lower educational attainment were more willing to distribute blood-based tests. MSM unaware of their HIV status were less likely to report potentially testing with others using free rapid home HIV tests compared to those who were HIV-negative. Finally, study participants willing to self-test were more likely to report future test kit distribution, and those willing to distribute kits were more likely to report potentially testing with others.

Acceptability
n/a

Acceptability details
78.3% (648/828) of men indicated a positive attitude towards distributing either test to other people.

Willingness to pay
n/a

Willingness to pay details
n/a

Sensitivity
n/a

Specificity
n/a

Concordance
n/a

HIV positivity
n/a

Accuracy details
n/a

Social harm
n/a

Linkage to prevention, care and treatment
n/a

Source

Study status
Completed