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Will gay and bisexually active men at high risk of infection use over-the-counter rapid HIV tests to screen sexual partners


Author
Carballo-Dieguez et al.

Publication year
2012

Country
USA

Type of approach
Community-based

Type of assistance
Unassisted

Specimen
Oral-fluid

Study population
Key population: Men who have sex with men

Study design
Values and preferences

Sample size
57

UNAIDS HIV prevalence (2017)
0.2 [0.2 - 0.2]

Methodology
This study investigated whether HIV-uninfected, non-monogamous, gay and bisexual men who never or rarely use condoms would use the test with partners as a harm-reduction approach. Sixty participants responded to two computer-assisted self-interviews, underwent an in-depth interview, and chose whether to test themselves with an oral fluid based test.

Summary of findings
Over 80% of the men said they would use the kit to test sexual partners or themselves if it became available over-the-counter. Most participants understood that antibody tests have a window period in which the virus is undetectable, yet saw advantages to using the test to screen partners; 74% tested themselves in our offices. Participants offered several possible strategies to introduce the HIVST idea to partners, frequently endorsed mutual testing, and highlighted that HIVST could stimulate greater honesty in serostatus disclosure.

Acceptability
0.87

Acceptability details
87% stated that they would be likely to test themselves if the test became available over-the-counter, and 80% said they would be likely to use the kit to test sexual partners at home.

Willingness to pay
n/a

Willingness to pay details
n/a

Sensitivity
n/a

Specificity
n/a

Concordance
n/a

HIV positivity
n/a

Accuracy details
n/a

Social harm
n/a

Linkage to prevention, care and treatment
n/a


Study status
Completed