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Use of a rapid HIV home test to screen sexual partners: an evaluation of its possible use and relative risk


Author
Ventuneac et al.

Publication year
2009


Type of approach
n/a

Type of assistance
n/a

Specimen
Oral-fluid

Study population
Key population: Men who have sex with men

Study design
Modelling

Sample size
n/a

UNAIDS HIV prevalence (2017)
0.2 [0.2 - 0.2]

Methodology
Utilising existing data, the study team developed a mathematical model to estimate the HIV risk reduction that could be attained by using a rapid HIV home test to screen sexual partners versus using condoms in different proportions of anal intercourse occasions among men who have sex with men.

Summary of findings
The effectiveness of HIVST as a strategy for reducing one's risk of becoming HIV-infected largely depends on prevalence and incidence of HIV in the population. Modelling finds that as HIV prevalence increases in the population, there is advantage in using HIVST to screen partners versus low levels of condom use. However, the advantage dissipates with higher HIV incidence. This is attributable to the 'window period'.

Acceptability
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Acceptability details
n/a

Willingness to pay
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Willingness to pay details
n/a

Sensitivity
n/a

Specificity
n/a

Concordance
n/a

HIV positivity
n/a

Accuracy details
n/a

Social harm
n/a

Linkage to prevention, care and treatment
n/a


Study status
Completed