Usage of self-tests for HIV and STIs among the general population and sexual risk groups in Amsterdam, the Netherlands
Bil et al.
Type of approach
Type of assistance
Mixed: General population and key population: sexual transmitted infection clinic visitors and men who have sex with men
Values and preferences
UNAIDS HIV prevalence (2017)
Examined HIV/STI self-test (both dual or single rapid diagnostic tests) use from 2008 to the present among existing cohorts using questionaires about self-testing in past 12 months from 2007-2013.
Summary of findings
HIV/STI self-test use among inhabitants of Amsterdam increased from 0.9% (95%-CI:0.6-1.4%) in 2008 to 1.3% (95%-CI:1.1-1.8%) in 2012 (p-value:< 0.01). Among men who have sex with men the proportion of HIV/STI self-test usage remained stable over time, 1.1% (95%-CI:0.4-2.6%) in 2007 and 1.0% (95%-CI:0.3-2.6%) in 2013 (p-value:0.88), whereas among STI clinic visitors, the proportion of HIV/STI self-test usage increased from 0.9% (95%-CI:0.4-1.7%) in 2007 to 1.9% (95%-CI:1.1-2.9%) in 2012 (p-value:0.01). Among participants of the multi-ethnic study, 1.6% (95%-CI:1.3-1.9%) used an HIV/STI self-test.
The intention to use an HIV-self-test was 15.4% (n=n/a) in 2007-2008 and increased to 21.6% (n=n/a) in 2013 (p-value:0.15)). 10.1% (n=n/a) intended to use HIVST in the future.
Willingness to pay
Willingness to pay details
Linkage to prevention, care and treatment