Preparedness for use of the rapid result HIV self-test by gay men and other men who have sex with men (MSM): a mixed methods exploratory study among MSM and those involved in HIV prevention and care
Flowers et al.
Type of approach
Type of assistance
Fingerstick/whole blood, Oral-fluid
Key population: Men who have sex with men
Values and preferences
UNAIDS HIV prevalence (2017)
A mixed method was employed to understand awareness and willingness to use the self-test and the perceived barriers and facilitators to implementation. Quantitative and qualitative data collection and analysis were done in parallel.
Summary of findings
Among men who have sex with men, awareness of HIVST was moderate (55%). Greater awareness was associated with increased educational attainment and previous history of STI testing. Willingness to test was high (89%) and associated with meeting sexual partners online.
88.8% of men who have sex with men were willing to use HIVST (n=887/999), in at least one circumstance.
Willingness to pay
Willingness to pay details
45.2% (401/887) were willing to to use the kit if they had to pay for it.
Linkage to prevention, care and treatment
Positive samples were re-tested and, if repeatedly reactive, were confirmed using western blot. Positives were excluded.