Preferences of gay and bisexual men for pharmacy-based HIV testing and over-the-counter HIV tests
Meyerson et al.
Type of approach
Type of assistance
Key population: Men who have sex with men
UNAIDS HIV prevalence (2017)
0.2 [0.2 - 0.2]
Study assessed acceptability of and preferences around HIVST among men who have sex with men, compared to pharmacy-based HIV testing.
Summary of findings
Rural men who have sex with men (MSM) in general and MSM who did not know their HIV status were more likely to purchase an HIVST kit over-the-counter. Men who did not know their HIV status also preferred HIVST over-the-counter to testing for HIV at a pharmacy. Pharmacies should enhance information around the sale of HIVST over-the-counter, particularly in rural areas. Information should include test results, opportunities for consultation, and linkage to care.
Participants accepted both OTC (66.7%) and pharmacist-provided (54.0%) HIV testing, and 40.4% indicated that they would be likely to engage in both types of testing, while 18.6% indicated that they were unlikely to do either.
Willingness to pay
Willingness to pay details
One-quarter (27.3%) reported that they were likely to purchase an over-the-counter (OTC) HIV test, but were unlikely or uncertain about pharmacy-based testing, and 13.7% indicated that they were unlikely to purchase an OTC test kit, but were likely to test in a pharmacy.
Linkage to prevention, care and treatment
More than half (57.9%) would talk with a pharmacist about HIV medications and 53.0% indicated that they would be somewhat to very likely to talk to a pharmacist about finding a doctor or getting help if their test was positive, and 43.9% would seek answers to questions about HIVST purchased in a pharmacy.