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Potential outlets for distribution of HIV oral self-test kits in Kenya: an exploratory study


Author
Okal et al.

Publication year
2014

Country

Type of approach
Community-based

Type of assistance
Directly assisted

Specimen
Oral-fluid

Study population
Health-care workers: Community survey respondents and service providers

Study design
Resource use

Sample size
27

UNAIDS HIV prevalence (2017)
5.9 [4.9 - 7.0]

Methodology
Cross-sectional qualitative and quantitative community survey. Key informant interviews were conducted with various stakeholders. All study components included hypothetical questions about HIVST with oral fluid-based rapid diagnostic tests after demonstration of use.

Summary of findings
94% of community survey participants reported they may self-test, and 91% of service providers said that their clients would self-test. 62% preferred that HIVST be distributed through public health facilities, primarily because they are nearby. Other outlets that were discussed include: private health facilities, private pharmacies, community health workers, voluntary counselling and testing centers, and local supermarkets. Key informants indicated that different distribution models will be needed to meet the needs of different populations.

Acceptability
0.91

Acceptability details
Potential use of HIV oral self-test kits was high among community survey respondents (94%) and among service providers who indicated that their clients would use the kits (91%).

Willingness to pay
n/a

Willingness to pay details
n/a

Sensitivity
n/a

Specificity
n/a

Concordance
n/a

HIV positivity
n/a

Accuracy details
n/a

Social harm
n/a

Linkage to prevention, care and treatment
n/a


Study status
Completed