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Patterns of in-home self-testing for HIV among an internet sample of men who have sex with men in an Asian population


Author
Wong et al.

Publication year
2014

Country

Type of approach
Community-based

Type of assistance
n/a

Specimen
Fingerstick/whole blood, Oral-fluid

Study population
Key population: Men who have sex with men

Study design
Values and preferences

Sample size
1122

UNAIDS HIV prevalence (2017)
<0.1

Methodology
Online and web-based mobile phone survey August 2013 to October 2013. Study examined demographics, HIVST experiences, sexual behavior. Participants received an incentive of HK50 (~6USD). Internet provider blocking system was employed to prevent duplicate entries and postal and email addresses were required.

Summary of findings
6.1% reported using HIVST kit before. Mean age for first HIVST was 26.3; 76.5% reported self-testing more than once, and 66.2% reported their last HIV test in the past was HIVST. Nearly all 76.5% reported their HIVST was blood-based and only 20.6% reported using oral fluid-based HIVST. 64.7% got HIVST kit online and 39.7% got an HIVST kit in a pharmacy. Reasons for preference to use HIVST kit included: simple procedures, flexible time testing, easy to buy kit, wanting to keep test results secret, not wanting counseling. 81.6% said they would seek treatment if infected with HIV. Only 43.7% said they would choose HIVST in the future.

Acceptability
0.437

Acceptability details
Less than half (43.7%) believed they would probably choose HIVST in the future.

Willingness to pay
n/a

Willingness to pay details
n/a

Sensitivity
n/a

Specificity
n/a

Concordance
n/a

HIV positivity
n/a

Accuracy details
n/a

Social harm
n/a

Linkage to prevention, care and treatment
81.6 % believed that they would get timely treatment if infected with the virus.


Study status
Completed