Offering self-administered oral HIV testing as a choice to truck drivers in Kenya: predictors of uptake and need for guidance while self-testing
Kelvin et al.
Type of approach
Type of assistance
Vulnerable population: Truck drivers
UNAIDS HIV prevalence (2017)
5.9 [4.9 - 7.0]
Assessed predictors of choosing self-administered oral HIV testing in the clinic with supervision versus the standard provider-administered blood test when offered; also assessed accuracy and correct performance.
Summary of findings
56.38% of participants chose the self-test, 23.49% the provider-administered test, and 20.13% refused testing. In the adjusted regression models, each additional unit on the fatalism and self-efficacy scales was associated with 0.97 (p = 0.003) and 0.83 (p = 0.008) times lower odds of choosing the self-test, respectively. Overall, 52.38% of self-testers did so correctly without questions, 47.61% asked questions, and 13.10% required unsolicited correction from the provider. Each additional unit on the fatalism scale was associated with 1.07 times higher odds of asking for guidance when self-testing (p < 0.001).
Willingness to pay
Willingness to pay details
Linkage to prevention, care and treatment
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