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Knowledge, attitudes and beliefs regarding human immunodeficiency virus and in-home testing among a regional sample of student pharmacists


Author
Tran et al.

Publication year
2017


Type of approach
Community-based

Type of assistance
Unassisted

Specimen
Oral-fluid

Study population
General population: Pharmacy students

Study design
Values and preferences

Sample size
387

UNAIDS HIV prevalence (2017)

Methodology
A cross-sectional electronic survey was conducted between March and April 2016 among students from six regional schools of pharmacy in the USA. The questionnaire consisted of 40 closed-ended, fixed-choice items delivered using school and organizational listservs. Key outcomes included real and perceived knowledge, attitudes and beliefs of HIV in general and of the oral HIV self-test (HIVST).

Summary of findings
A total of 387 student pharmacists participated in the survey (response rate of 18.6%, n=n/a). Respondents expressed positive perception of their knowledge regarding HIV in general (67.6%, n=n/a) but considerably lower attitude toward HIVST (16.7%, n=n/a). Perceptions of general HIV knowledge were higher for students in later professional years (p < 0.001), post-completion of infectious disease curriculum with inclusion of HIV self-tests (p < 0.001), and if the respondent had personally received an HIV test (p < 0.01).

Acceptability
n/a

Acceptability details
n/a

Willingness to pay
n/a

Willingness to pay details
n/a

Sensitivity
n/a

Specificity
n/a

Concordance
n/a

HIV positivity
n/a

Accuracy details
n/a

Social harm
n/a

Linkage to prevention, care and treatment
n/a


Study status
Completed