How do people respond to self-test results? A cross-sectional survey
Ickenroth et al.
Type of approach
Type of assistance
General population: General population
Values and preferences
UNAIDS HIV prevalence (2017)
2-step cross-sectional online survey that used a random sample of 6700 internet users who received an online questionnaire on the use of any kind of self-tests (including HIV). A second questionnaire on consumers' response to self-test results was sent to the respondents that were identified as self-testers in the first questionnaire.
Summary of findings
18.1% (799/4416) of respondents had ever performed a self-test of whom 1.6% used HIV self-tests. 8.1% of the self-testers with a normal test result and 81.4% of those with an abnormal result reported confidence in this result. 95.6% of the testers with a normal result felt reassured.
Willingness to pay
Willingness to pay details
Linkage to prevention, care and treatment
After a reactive self-test result, 100% of respondents sought medical care