HIV testing self-efficacy is associated with higher HIV testing frequency and perceived likelihood to self-test among gay and bisexual men
Jamil et al.
Type of approach
Type of assistance
Key population: Men who have sex with men (men who have sex with men) who were at increased risk of HIV (had more than 5 partners or had condomless anal intercourse in the past 3 months) and enrolled in a randomised control trial on HIV self-testing.
UNAIDS HIV prevalence (2017)
0.2 [0.2 - 0.2]
Participants completed a baseline questionnaire regarding sociodemographic characteristics, HIV or sexually-transmitted infection testing history, sexual behavior, HIV beliefs and attitudes and confidence in HIV testing ability (self-efficacy for HIV testing). Logistic regression was used to analyze the outcomes of having three or more HIV tests in the past year and the likelihood of self-testing in the future. Study period: December 2013 to November 2014.
Summary of findings
354 men participated in the survey. 34% of participants reported having three or more HIV tests in the past year. 64% of participants reported they were 'very likely' to take an HIV self-test in the future. Higher self-efficacy to take an HIV self-test was independently associated with taking more than three HIV self-tests in the past year (aOR = 1.08; 95% CI 1.04-1.14, p = 0.004). Higher self-efficacy was also independently associated with reporting a greater likelihood to self-test in the future (aOR = 1.10; 95% CI 1.05-1.15, p < 0.001).
64% of participants reported they were 'very likely' to take an HIV self-test in the future.
Willingness to pay
Willingness to pay details
Linkage to prevention, care and treatment
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