HIV testing preferences in Tanzania: a qualitative exploration of the importance of confidentiality, accessibility, and quality of service
Njau et al.
Type of approach
Type of assistance
General population: General population
Values and preferences
UNAIDS HIV prevalence (2017)
0.4 [0.3 - 0.4]
From October to December 2011, conducted focus groups and in-depth interviews to identify factors that influence whether and where people test for HIV.
Summary of findings
HIVST was not considered a feasible option for widespread HIV testing in this setting; participants voiced concerns about accuracy, and about the lack of support from trained counselors to assist with a reactive self-test result. There were concerns about the reliability of the tests sold in pharmacies and about whether reagent was expired. Also there were concerns about literacy; one participant said '...if I they can't read even a newspaper, how can they be able to read and follow the instructions of how to use the HIV testing kits?'
Willingness to pay
Willingness to pay details
Linkage to prevention, care and treatment