HIV test: which is your best? A national survey on testing preferences among men who have sex with men in Italy
Mattioli et al.
Type of approach
Type of assistance
Fingerstick/whole blood, Oral-fluid
Key population: Men who have sex with men
Values and preferences
UNAIDS HIV prevalence (2017)
0.4 [0.3 - 0.4]
An internet-based survey was conducted between March 10 and April 3, 2014.
Summary of findings
Respondents were mostly between 25-34 (35%) or 35-44 (25%) and identified themselves as homosexual (81%). Most had an HIV test in past 2 years (56%), but 18% reported never testing for HIV. 61% had more than 2 sexual partners in the past year, 27% used a condom 'sometimes' and 14% never used a condom. 5 responders reported having had a self-test at home. Half said they preferred having a physician provided HIV-test, but 46% preferred HIV self-testing, stating an ideal HIV test should be: reliable (86%), with no medical prescription (75%), free (63%), rapid (55%), with no personal information collected (45%), with the opportunity to speak with a peer-counsellor (36%).
Physicians are the preferred operators (54%) followed by self-testing (46%), nurses (46%), and peer-volunteers (39%).
Willingness to pay
Willingness to pay details
Linkage to prevention, care and treatment