HIV self-test awareness, exposure, and use, New York City, 2015–2016
Salcuni et al.
Type of approach
Type of assistance
Key population: Men who have sex with men and transgender people
Values and preferences
UNAIDS HIV prevalence (2017)
From Nov 2015 to Apr 2016, men who have sex with men and transgender people were recruited through dating apps and sites. Participants completed an online survey, about sociodemographic factors (age, race/ethnicity, education, income), recent HIV-related behaviors (timing of last HIV test before HIVST give away; last condomless anal sex; gender(s) and HIV status of partners; number of condomless anal sex partners; sexually transmitted infection diagnosis; pre-exposure prophylaxis use and recreational drug use). This study examined associations between sociodemographic and behavioral factors and prior HIVST awareness, pharmacy exposure, and HIVST use.
Summary of findings
23%(267/1155) of participants reported previously using HIVST. HIVST awareness, pharmacy exposure (ever seen at a pharmacy), and previous use of HIVST were associated with higher income and recent HIV testing. Among HIV-related sexual behaviors, HIVST awareness was associated with recent PrEP use [adjusted odds ratio (aOR) 1.85, 95% CI 1.12-3.06].
Willingness to pay
Willingness to pay details
Linkage to prevention, care and treatment