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Do high-risk young adults use the HIV self-test appropriately? Observations from a think-aloud study


Author
Schnall et al.

Publication year
2015


Type of approach
Facility-based

Type of assistance
n/a

Specimen
Oral-fluid

Study population
Young people: Young people

Study design
Values and preferences

Sample size
21

UNAIDS HIV prevalence (2017)
0.2 [0.2 - 0.2]

Methodology
Mixed methods study using surveys, a think-aloud protocol, observations, and in-depth interviews. A systematic checklist was developed to assess participants' use of the test. Analysis of interview data was guided by the theory of reasoned action.

Summary of findings
Participants completed HIVST procedures in a mean time of 8:36 min (range of 2:04-16:33 minutes). On a 14-point checklist, participants had a mean score of 10.8 (SD 2.26, range 3-14). Study suggests that young adults do find HIVST useful, especially in light of their concerns about lack of privacy in medical settings. Many participants however, did not follow all instructions.

Acceptability
n/a

Acceptability details
n/a

Willingness to pay
n/a

Willingness to pay details
n/a

Sensitivity
n/a

Specificity
n/a

Concordance
n/a

HIV positivity
n/a

Accuracy details
n/a

Social harm
n/a

Linkage to prevention, care and treatment
If a participant's result was positive, the participant was referred to an HIV facility for further evaluation and treatment.


Study status
Completed