A baseline assessment of the policy and regulatory environment for HIV self-testing in Malawi, Zimbabwe and Zambia
Dacombe et al.
Type of approach
Type of assistance
Fingerstick/whole blood, Oral-fluid
Other: Health-care workers
UNAIDS HIV prevalence (2017)
In this study, a legal and policy review of HIVST was conducted. About 60 interviews were conducted with key informants, and data was analyzed using a thematic framework.
Summary of findings
Themes that emerged in this study include the need for policymakers to have a clearer understanding of the role of their regulatory bodies for in-vitro diagnostics. It was reported that in-vitro diagnostics are not actively regulated in the three countries in this study. Regulators reported not being included in policy level discussions, leading to a disconnect between policy and regulation. Ministries of Health indicate they are eager to adopt HIVST into policy, but thus far, the establishment of coordination bodies is only in early stages.
Willingness to pay
Willingness to pay details
Linkage to prevention, care and treatment